Roadmap and Case Studies

Focused Areas

With the three main principles of circular economy in mind; Product as a Service, High value Utilization, and Systems Collaboration, we focus on four areas in order to create a path and method forward for circular economy.


Every year, only 14% of plastic packaging is recycled. When plastic packaging becomes waste and disperses into the environment, not only does it cause environmental damage, but it is also a waste of valuable resources. The loss of resources from packaging that was not recycled is valued at approximately 80 billion to 120 billion USD.



Stinky, dirty, and messy wastes that were shunned by people in the past, such as poultry manures, food waste, and organic sludges, are actually one of the few “resources” Taiwan can claim as its own in the circular economy world. With careful planning, they can be used to meet energy and soil needs.


Solar photovoltaic

The average life span of solar panels are approximately 20-30 years. On one hand, solar panels have increased renewable energy use. On the other hand, they are also a massive burden to waste disposal. By 2050, Taiwan will have produced over 1.4 million metric tons of discarded solar panels. The global accumulation of discarded solar penals will have reached a staggering 70 million metric tons. Against this estimation, governments around the world are eager to find a solution to convert discarded solar panels to valuable resources. Changing the “business model” and “product design”via the logic of circular economy can transform the solar energy industry into a highly circular sector that benefits society.



In the linear economy, the business model is based on “sell-more, buy-more”. Manufacturers depend on increasing production and sales to earn revenue, so they adopt strategies to lure customers into more purchasing.One of the circular economy approaches-- “Product-as-a-Service (PaaS)” -- provides customers and producers with a new beneficial option: consumers use instead of owning products and services, and producers offer services instead of selling products.